1. Decision of establishment
Establishment Decision No. 23/KHCNQG dated 19 June 1993 by the National Centre for Natural Science and Technology (Now is Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology)
Signed by: Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Hieu
Address: 01 Cau Da, Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa, Viet Nam
Phone: (+84-258) 3590036/3590032
Fax: (+84-258) 3590034
3. Functions and Tasks
- Functions: The Institute of Oceanography has the functions to carry out fundamental research and investigation, to develop oceanographical technology and to provide high level training and education on marine science and other related fields as defined by law
a) Carry out fundamental study and research on oceanographic and ecological processes and rules, special phenomena of seas and oceans, hydrospheric - atmospheric - lithospheric interactions and the impact of global climate change in the East Sea;
b) Carry out fundamental investigation on natural conditions, marine biodiversity, biological-ecological-biochemical characteristics of aquatic organisms, marine living and non-living resources, and marine environment of Viet Nam;
c) Apply fundamental scientific results to management practices, rational uses of marine resources, sustainable aquaculture, biodiversity conservation, national sovereignty and environment protection, prediction of oceanographic processes, coastal and marine engineering design;
d) Study and provide environmental monitoring and assessment services;
e) Cooperate and collaborate with inland and foreign organizations and individuals to conduct scientific activities and technologigal transfer;
f) Study toxins and poisons in marine organisms and environment; prodive food quality testing service;
g) Build up a collection of living and non-living marine specimens, to exchange the specimens inside and outside the country, and to transfer oceanographic museum techniques;
h) Apply new research results and technologies in oceanographic and other related sciences;
i) Provide scientific and technological services in oceanographic and other related sciences;
j) Provide postgraduate education and training on oceanographic and other related sciences;
k) Develop international cooperation in oceanographic and other related sciences;
Director: Dr. Dao Viet Ha, senior researcher
Vice Director: Dr. Hoang Xuan Ben, principal researcher
Vice Director: Dr. Ho Van The, principal researcher
5. Scientific Council
Chairman: Prof. Dr. Doan Nhu Hai
Vice chairman: Dr. Hoang Xuan Ben
Secretary: Dr. Nguyen Xuan Vy
Total members: 09
- Marine Physics
- Marine Botany
- Hydro - Geochemistry
- Marine Vertebrate
- Marine Geology and Geomorphology
- Marine Living Resources
- Aquaculture Technology
- Marine Plankton
- Marine Ecology
- Marine Biochemistry
- Center for Oceanographic Data; GIS & Remote Sensing
Museum of Oceanography:
- Division of Marine Specimen Management, Preparation and Exhibition design
- Division of Aquaculture Technique
- Division of Communication and Environmental Education
- Department of Administration
- Department of Information and Library
- Center for Marine Natural Resources and Environment Monitoring
- Center for Consultancy, Application and Technology Transfer in Marine Science
Currently, Institute of Oceanography has its headquarter in Nha Trang and 01 Marine Environment Monitoring Station in Can Gio, Ho Chi Minh city.
7. Human Resources
- Total: 132
- Professors: 02
- Associate Professors: 02
- Doctors: 24
- Bachelors: 40
- Others: 24
Institute of Oceanography is a fundamental research institution focusing mainly on oceanography, marine environment and resources. It also carries out applied research on biodiversity conservation, aquaculture technologies, marine living resources, physical oceanography, hydrometeorology and ocean dynamics.
Scientific and technological research
IO’s scientific and technological research has contributed to solve basic questions of Vietnamese sea such as the nature and biodiversity of marine ecosystems, main features of oceanographic processes; physio-ecology of marine life, with successful application and implementation of several technological solutions. Application-oriented fundamental research projects provide better understanding of land-ocean interactions for disaster recovery and mitigation, coastal engineering, development of new cultured species and environmentally friendly farming models; improve knowledge of marine toxins as a basis to ensure food safety, improve marine resource use efficiency (bioactive substances from marine fish byproducts, food supplements from fish…).
Projects funded by NAFOSTED focused on national pressing issues like biodiversity and physio-ecology of important commercial cultured species. Through these projects, the publication of scientific works of IO’s scientists in prestigious international journals such as SCI/SCIE journals has been increased.
Contracts with provincial localities and enterprises such as Quang Nam, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Ben Tre, Ha Tinh… paid more attention to their local specific issues, and have provided scientific- socioeconomic bases for environmental protection; sustainable natural resources management, exploitation and development; sustainable fisheries/aquaculture/tourism development planning; and coastal engineering.
In applied research, IO also make some significant results:
- The development of the KIT for rapid detection of ASP and PSP toxins in seafood
- The application of LED technology in ocean tuna fishing
- The study of Rip currents to ensure safety for coastal tourism in Phu Yen, Quang Nam Binh Dinh and Khanh Hoa provinces
- The study, investigation and calculation of hydrodynamic parameters for coastal erosion protection in the South Central and the design and development of artificial beaches and protection of natural beaches in Nha Trang bay.
- Succesfull rehabilitation and conservation of coral reefs in Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Con Dao, Cu Lao Cham… help to conserve marine biodiversity and resources and so contributed significantly to the sustainable fisheries/tourism development. The rehabilitation technique has been transfered to related MPAs, local governments and enterprises for their own management and rehabilitation, under the assistance and supervision of IO’s scientists.
- Aiming at early warning and prevention of environmental pollution and risks, regular environmental monitoring of the Southern Vietnamese waters has contributed to reduce adverse impacts of human, agricultural and industrial activities on marine biodiversity, resources and environmen, minimize the cost of environmental incidents, protect marine and coastal ecosystems, promote nature and biodiversity conservation as well as sustainable planning.
In recent years, IO continues its strengths in basic marine research and has recorded great achievements through international cooperation. Under the framework of international cooperation programs, IO’s scientists continue its presence in the East Sea and confirm Vietnam’s sovereignty over the East Sea water and islands. Currently, through PEER program, IO is implementing USAID funded project "Study on coral reef resilience in comparative areas in South Vietnam for marine biodiversity conservation in a changing world”.
The Institute maintains and continues its close relationship with many international organizations and countries such as IOC/WESTPAC, UNEP, IUCN, Russia, Korea, Japan, the United States, France Denmark, Germany etc. in scientific research and exchange, which also help to build the capacity of the scientitst, escpeciall the young, and affirm Vietnam's position in regional and international marine scientific research.
Some remarkable cooperative projects:
- Vietnam-Philippines Joint Oceanographic and Marine Scientific Research Expeditions (JOMSREs). Under the framework of this programme, from 1996 – 2006, 4 JOMSREs were conducted in the East Sea. Through the implementation of the programme, both sides have gained valuable experience in building marine scientific research cooperation for the sake of peace and sustainable development in the East Sea
- Vietnam-Denmark cooperation project on harmful algae (HABVIET) (1998-2008) has strengthened IO’s capacity for harmful algae research in particular and phytoplankton in general for Vietnam's marine science.
- Vietnam-German cooperation on South-central upwelling study and research (2003-2010), the first large-scale international cooperation programme on the upwelling. It has created a comprehensive and reliable database on the upwelling, clarified its mechanism and cause using field data and accurate up-to-date calculation models. The research provided scientific bases for upwelling forecast and sustainable and rational exploitation and management of marine economy in the South Central Coast
- NUFU project (in cooperation with Norway): "Biodiversity of Khanh Hoa embayments (2003-2007)"; "Modeling Khanh Hoa coastal areas (2003 - 2007)"; "Modeling the dynamic and ecological processes of Khanh Hoa embayments (Van Phong, Cam Ranh, Nha Trang)" (2008 – 2011).
- UNEP/GEF project “Reversing Environment Degradation Trends in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand” (2005-2008). IO, as the implementing institutions, has co-ordinated with Kien Giang province to set up a cooperation programme on the management of ecosystems and natural resources in Vietnam-Cambodia transborder seawaters, which was highly appreciated by GEF and regarded as the first provincial-level agreement on the management of environment and resources in the region. This has strengthened the friendship between the two countries and built confidence in solving existed problems in the contiguous waters.
- Bilateral project with Stockholm University, Sweden "Characterizing environmental risks due to the use of agricultural chemicals in the Mekong region - Vietnam" (2008-2011);
- Vietnam - Denmark Project (CLIMEEViet) "Climate change and estuarine ecosystems of Vietnam" (2009 - 2011);
- ACIAR Project (Australia) “Spiny lobster aquaculture development in Indonesia, Vietnam and Australia” (2009 - 2012): successfully ended in early 2012 with an output of 445 market-sized spiny lobsters, which resulted in the thank you letter from the State Government Queensland.
- UNEP project “Demonstration of Sustainable Management of Coral Reef Resources in the Coastal Waters of Ninh Hai District, Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam” (2010 – 2014) carried out assessment on biodiversity and environment quality, set up a station network for biological and environmental monitoring, and a community-based model for resource restoration in Hon Chong, Thanh Hai, Ninh Hai.
- Cooperation with IOC/WESPAC: established a research cooperation network on marine toxic organisms and seafood safety in the Western Pacific region region (2010 - 2021);
- VAST-FEBRASProject “Survey and investigation of biological and biochemical diversity on VAST-FEBRAS Joint expeditions aboard the research vessel “Akademik Oparin” in territorial waters of Vietnam”. Organized (2005, 2007, 2016, 2018) and participated (2010, 2013) in 6 expeditions with the participation of 6 research institutes under the Academy Vietnam Science and Technology.
Training and education: IO co-ordinate with the Faculty of Marine Science and Technology, Graduate University of Science and Technology in post-graduate education, and receives PhD and intenship students in and outside Viet Nam.
IO’s principal and senior researchers are also visiting lecturers at universities, and supervisors of postgraduate students.
Museum of Oceanography
The Museum of Oceanography is an inseparable part of the Institute of Oceanography along with its history of nearly a century of foundation and development. It composes of a marine species domestication area and display areas, where marine living and non-living specimens are arranged in different themes. At present, the Museum is holding a collection of more than 20,000 marine specimens for scientific, communication and education purposes. Its aquarium is a place where a wide variety of marine species, which represent different typical ecosystems such as coral reefs, seagrass beds etc, are domesticated and cultured.
With its history and outstanding activities, the Museum of Oceanography is member of International Council of Museums (ICOM), a reliable address for researchers and students to come to work and study, and a place for visitors to expand their knowledge and understanding of Vietnamese oecan space, territorial waters, marine environment and resources. As one of the favorite destinations in Nha Trang, the Museum welcomehundreds of thousands of visitors yearly. It takes the advantages as a specialized museum of a research institution to integrate museum tour with the dissemination of knowledge, of which environmental protection is one of its most important contents. Each display theme in the Museum, such as as marine ecosystems and its biodiversity, large specimens, marine resources, fishing gears, natural disasters, oceanographic equipment etc., will send some environmental messages to the visitors, aiming at public environmental education. Information on marine biodiversity, bio-ecological characteristics of marine lifes provided at “Marine ecosystems and its biodiversity” will direct the public to protect marine organisms and their habitats. Exhibition of large specimens of dolphins, whales, dugongs... help visitors better understand how microorganisms affect giant creatures and ultimately affect humans through the marine food web and food chain, so that they understand the importance and necessity of environment protection to marine and human lives. Similarly, sea turtle tank will let you know the impact and threat of plastic waste polution, “fishing gears” show the eco-friendly fishing gears against the destructive one and the threat of human activities to marine ecosystems, resources and environment. "Natural Recources of Paracel and Spratly islands”exhibition, open to the public since 2011, displays a number of specimens and live organisms collected from the islands, which help to raise the love for home country and public awareness of national sovereignty.
IO’s scientific research results on marine environmental impact assessment, ecosystem monitoring and restoration, biodiversity conservation, environmental resources protection are always prioritized to integrate in its communication and education activities in various and diverse forms, including the teaching and exchange of leading scientists. Information boards and models are set in suitable places to raise public awareness about environmental protection, such as “Code of conduct” for the protection of coral reefs, information board introducing the marine ecosystems, waste decomposition time at sea ...
With outstanding scientific achievements and contribution to national socio-economic development and sea and islands sovereignty, IO was honored to receive:
- Third, Second and First-class Labour Medals before 2005
- Third, Second and First Class Independence Medal in 2002, 2007, 2012
- Certificate of Merit of Prime Minister in 2010, 2017
- Certificate of Merit of the President of Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (2009, 2014).
10. Fact and figures in 2018
- Number of projects: 20, total budget: 16.4 billion VND
- Number of contracts: 30, total budget: 7.6 billion VND
- Number of international articles: 12
- Number of national articles: 57
- Number of monograph: 1
- Number of PhD students in IO: 2
- Number of IO’s PhD students in foreign countries: 2
- Workshop/Conference hosted: 2
- Incoming visit: 109 persons
- Outgoing delegation: 44
- Foreign partner countries: Russia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Singapore, China, Hongkong, Taiwan, Australia, Japan, Korea, Germany, Monaco, USA, France, Denmark
Insitute of Oceanography in 2018
Coral reef survey offshore - JOMSRE project
Viet Nam – German cooperation on South central upwelling
Rehabilitation of coral reef and seagrass bed
Investigation in Spratly Island, 2018
Working in the lab
IOC/WESTPAC 9th International Scientific Symposium in Nha Trang, April 2014
WESTPAC Training Workshop on
“Applying analytical method for detecting Ciguatoxins (CTXs) in fish”, April 2018
The training course “Applying molercule technique to identify marine species” (December2018)
PhD students at the Instutite of Oceanography
Whale skeleton - Museum of Oceanography
Collection of marine specimen– Museum of Oceanography