The Institute's predecessor in South Vietnam was "Service des Pêche de l'Indochine" founded on September 14th, 1922. On January 1st, 1930, the Service des Pêche de l'Indochine" was officially changed its name into the "Institut Océanographique de l'Indochine". The Institute of Marine Research under the State Committee for Science and Technique had been established in 1967. After the liberation of South Vietnam in 1975, the "Institut Océanographique de l'Indochine" was integrated with the Institute of Marine Research of State Committee for Science and Technique, forming the Institute of Marine Research under the leadership of the Vietnam Institute for Sciences. The name "Institute of Oceanography" was changed since 1993 after the Vietnam Institute for Science changed its name to National Center for Natural Sciences and Technology. At present, the Institute of Oceanography (IO) is under the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology.
Since the establishment, the Institute of Oceanography has implemented many worth studies that have contributed significantly to the exploitation and conservation of the East Sea. There are 1,100 published studies in which, 62.6% on marine biodiversity; 11.6% on marine physics; 7.6% on ecology and environment; 5.4% on marine geology, geomorphology and 4.4% on marine chemistry and biochemistry.
The IO is situated 5 km south of Nha Trang city, Central Vietnam. Nha Trang natural habitat makes it become an ideal location for the establishment of oceanographic research in biodiversity such as marine fauna and flora, mangrove forests, brackish water lagoons, sandy beaches, rocky coasts and coral reefs.
The Institute of Oceanography carries out activities on following scientific and technological fields (as registered in the certificate of registration of science and technology activities No A-1028, dated 15 May 2012 of the Ministry of Science and Technology)
- Carrying out fundamental research, applied research in the fields of oceanography and marine environment and resources.
- Providing science and technology services: information, communication and training related to marine science and technology.
- Carrying out consultancy, service and economic contracts on marine science and applying scientific achievements and technology solutions to reality.
- Making living and non-living marine specimens, planning, instructing and transferring marine museum techniques
- Developing international cooperation in oceanography and marine environment and resources
- (For activities with conditions as defined by the laws, permissions from State’s competent authorities must be obtained prior to implementation)
Functions and Tasks:
- Functions: The Institute of Oceanography has the functions to carry out fundamental research and investigation, to develop oceanographic technology and to provide high level training and education on marine science and other related fields as defined by law
a. To carry out fundamental study and research on oceanographic and ecological processes and rules, special phenomena of seas and oceans, hydrospheric - atmospheric - lithospheric interactions and the impact of global climate change in the East Sea;
b. To carry out fundamental investigation on natural conditions, marine biodiversity, biological-ecological-biochemical characteristics of aquatic organisms, living and non-living resources, and marine environment of Vietnam;
c. To study to apply basic scientific results and achievements to management practices, rational uses of marine resources, sustainable aquaculture, biodiversity conservation, national sovereignty and environment protection, prediction of oceanographic processes, coastal and marine engineering designing;
d. To build up a collection of living and non-living marine specimens, to exchange the specimens inside and outside the country, and to transfer oceanographic museum techniques;
e. To implement research results and apply new technologies to oceanographic and other related sciences;
f. To provide scientific and technological services in oceanographic and other related sciences;
g. To provide high level training and education on oceanographic and other related sciences;
h. To develop international cooperation in oceanographic and other related sciences;
i. To manage and keep control on its own organization and operation, on the use of its labour as per regulations of the State and Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology;
j. To manage and keep control on its financial resources and property under the State regulations
k. To carry out other duties and tasks assigned by the President of Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology